ESFP Primary Function: Understanding the ESFPs Extraverted Sensing (Se)

Understanding the primary function of each personality type certainly helps give a better idea of how they respond to and take in information. Their dominant function is definitely going to be what stands out the most and is represented to the world around them. While the dominant function works in combination with your other functions, it is still the one which helps people signify your personality and is often what is presented outwardly. It is definitely the lead function in making decisions and in helping to form a strong sense of self. While understanding all of the functions and how they work together is truly important, knowing someone’s primary function is certainly the first step to knowing them a bit better.

ESFPs are outgoing and spontaneous people who enjoy exploring new and different things. ESFPs don’t like feeling locked down to one stagnant way of living, instead they cherish living in the present. Their primary function is often easier to spot, since it is an extraverted and somewhat noticeable function. This is why understanding the ESFP better and learning how their other functions aid in their Se (extraverted sensing), is truly important. While their dominant function plays a major role in how they behave and are perceived by others, without the rest of their functions they would not be a well-adjusted individual. Knowing how their function stack works together helps make it much easier to truly understand the ESFP and how they process the world around them.

How Se Works

Extraverted sensing or Se is very focused on the physical world and living in the present. Someone who uses Se as their dominant function doesn’t like getting hung up on past or future situations, instead they want to take things as they come. They are extremely connected to their physical presence and their senses, wanting to connect with things they feel and see. For the extraverted sensing types it is important to live in the moment and follow what feels right to them. They can be rather good at things like sports or spatial awareness, being very in tune with the world they see, touch, smell, taste and hear. For these personality types who use Se as their dominant function, it can be hard to understand why some people seem so distracted or spaced out, since they are focused on connecting with the present moment.

This is something which can be useful in more ways than just quick reflexes or being able to enjoy the moment. The dominant Se user is often able to recognize the smallest changes and adjustments in their environment. They can see when something isn’t quite right or fitting into what they know to be previously accurate. When changes occur the Se dom will be able to take notice of this, and this can help them understand when something is wrong around them. It is connected to the physical and the things they tangibly see, but can also help them understand when a person is upset. Since being truly upset can alter someone’s physical presence, the Se dom will often take note of this. They can also tell when someone is not feeling themselves, and this helps them in certain medical fields as well. Being so in touch with their senses is something which can make the Se user rather capable and skilled at predicting when certain things might occur. 


ESFPs are outgoing and friendly people who love being able to live in the present. They soak up the things which excite them most and want to live with a sense of adventure and passion. They don’t like when things become stagnant or when they feel like they are stuck in the same position for too long. For the ESFP, being able to follow their heart and explore whatever brings them the most joy, is truly how they want to live their lives. Their extraverted sensing function is what connects the ESFP to the present so much, and makes them want to experience life to the fullest. ESFPs are drawn in different directions by their senses, which can make it seem like they bounce around a lot. In reality they just enjoy allowing their senses and feelings to guide them, and sometimes this pulls them in different and even conflicting directions.

ESFPs are also very in tune with people because of their dominant functions. They see even the slightest physical changes and want to do what they can to help when someone is not doing well. Being that they are naturally caring people, they will likely do whatever they can to help this person when they are hurting or upset. For the ESFP, being supportive to those they love is important, even though some people might not realize this about them.

ESFP Functions

ESFPs dominant function might be connected to the physical world, but their auxiliary function is important as well. Their second function is their introverted feeling (Fi) which is connected to their inner beliefs and morals. ESFPs care deeply about doing what is right and take a while to work through and develop these values. While people see them as spontaneous they don’t realize that the ESFP does follow their own morals when they make choices. This helps them to decide what they feel is right or wrong in the moment without needing to spend too much time analyzing it. Since they have already developed this moral code and their inner beliefs the ESFP is often capable of following this naturally. This is why it is so important to know their combination of functions, as their introverted feeling helps to aid their extraverted sensing. It helps them make in the moment choices which follow their heart and their inner morals. This is why ESFPs care about their choices and want to be sure they are not doing anything which goes against their sense of ideals. Without understanding their auxiliary function it would leave a lot of misunderstandings towards the ESFP and their personality. 


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