Extraversion and Introversion
An extravert and introvert may have some issues with one wanting the other to open up more, and one wanting the other wanting the other to give them some time alone. However, they can also be good to balance each other out, allowing the extravert to feel more comfortable introspecting, and the introvert has someone to encourage them to socialize and try new things more often.
The INTJ prefers introversion to extraversion. The INTJ is energized by alone time and will use it to help sort out their thoughts. The INTJ seeks to understand patterns and underlying meanings behind what people say and do.
The ESFJ Prefers extraversion to introversion. The ESFJ gets energized being around people and prefers to talk out their thoughts instead of internalizing them. They are in tune with the feelings and emotions of their environment and seek to understand it.
Sensing and Intuition
A sensor and an intuitive will face some challenges in conversation. The Sensor lives in the concrete world of facts and senses, while the intuitive tends to wonder more about possibilities and what is not immediately recognizable. While these two types may struggle, they may also balance each other out by being able to get things done and also foresee future issues.
The INTJ prefers intuition to sensing (Through Introverted Intuition). The INTJ wants to understand the underlying meanings and connections between things. The INTJ can form a gut feeling or intuition about the way things are going to play out.
The ESFJ prefers sensing to intuition (Using Introverted Sensing). The ESFJ takes in the world in a concrete/matter of fact manner. The ESFJ remembers facts, places, and uses past events to predict future outcomes.
Thinking and Feeling
A thinker and a feeler can make for an interesting dynamic. The thinker can help sort through logical issues, but may be seen as harsh to a feeler. The feeler can help the thinker understand their emotions more, but can be seen as too emotional and flighty to a thinker. However, both of these types can make for a very healthy balance.
The INTJ prefers thinking to feeling (Using Extraverted Thinking). The INTJ wants the world to be logical and orderly. The INTJ wants conclusive plans of action and concrete understand of the way things works. This universal acceptance of logic is used to help the INTJ form their worldview.
The ESFJ prefers feeling to thinking (Using Extraverted Feeling). The ESFJ lives in the emotional and feeling world. The ESFJ is in touch with others emotions and knows how to respond to them to put others at ease.
Judging and Judging
Two judgers will want their worlds to be ordered and planned out. They would like to know what they are doing beforehand. These judgers will both appreciate each others structure and valuing being on time. However, they can both become stubborn and may clash with each other over which direction to take.
The INTJ prefers judging to perceiving. The INTJ prefers structure, routine, and planning things out versus being spontaneous. The INTJ wants to bring structure, order, and organization to their environment.
The ESFJ prefers judging to perceiving. The ESFJ prefers structure, routine, and planning things out versus being spontaneous. The ESFJ wants to bring structure, order, and harmony to their environment.