INFJ Primary Function: Understanding the INFJs Introverted Intuition (Ni)

Understanding the primary function of each personality type certainly helps give a better idea of how they respond to and take in information. Their dominant function is definitely going to be what stands out the most and is represented to the world around them. While the dominant function works in combination with your other functions, it is still the one which helps people signify your personality and is often what is presented outwardly. It is definitely the lead function in making decisions and in helping to form a strong sense of self. While understanding all of the functions and how they work together is truly important, knowing someone’s primary function is certainly the first step to knowing them a bit better.

INFJs are very focused on others and their needs, which can cause them to neglect their own feelings. The fact that INFJs are so caring towards others causes people to forget that their dominant function is actually their introverted intuition (Ni). They become so focused on caring for others that this desire to be giving and compassionate people, makes the INFJs express their auxiliary function in a more obvious way. This does make sense, since their secondary function is their extraverted one, while the INFJs dominant function is introverted. This sense of intuition is what causes the INFJ to take note of information around them and process that in a way which gives them predictions about the future. It can be a complicated and often confusing function for most, especially for the INFJ themselves.

How Ni Works

Ni can be a function which confuses many, since so much of what it does happens through the users subconscious. They cannot always explain where they get this information or their final conclusions, even though these predictions are so often eerily accurate. This can cause people to assume it has some sort of magical or mystical quality to it, seeing the Ni doms as being psychic. People label them as these types of things, simply because the users (INFJ/INTJ) can make predictions about the future and assess people and situations so naturally. There are perfectly logical explanations to why Ni works the way it does, it is simply hard for the users to outwardly explain this to others. Introverted intuition (Ni) is a function which catalogs information and facts over time, and filters this inwardly to help the user make predictions about the future. It is combined with their other functions in order to gather accurate information and process the details more accurately. The Ni dominant user will gather large amounts of information from the outside world, their inner minds constantly processing this in hopes of picking out the pieces which are most useful to them. Seeing how things have occured in the past and the present, helps them to internally analyze the most likely outcome in the future. Once their minds work through the problems and uncover a solution it will come to them like a sudden flash of genius. They might not be able to fully explain these predictions, since it is filtered in a subconscious way.


For the INFJ it can be challenging to explain their Ni at times, as they don’t always fully understand where they gather this information. They simply get strong gut feelings about something or someone, and want to do their best to help and give advice. INFJs can feel when someone is walking into a bad situation, and they want to do whatever they can to be there for the people they love. This is why their Ni does often become connected to others as well, as they are naturally focused on their loved ones and being there for them. INFJs can often make amazing predictions about the people around them, and they do their best to use this as a means of helping them. It isn’t always easy, as people don’t always open up to this incredible intuition right away. 

INFJs have so much of their own thoughts and feelings caught up inside of their own rich inner world, which is also because of this introverted intuition. They can struggle to fully explain themselves or their reasoning, since it is such a personal and internal part of themselves. This rich inner mind is why INFJs spend so much time alone, having so many thoughts and feelings they need to pay attention to during this time. So much of how they experience the world is through internal images, which makes it more challenging for the INFJ to explain this to others. Everything isn’t in detailed words, but instead is expressed in symbols or images inside of their complex inner worlds. Having so many layers to their thoughts and feelings makes it difficult for the INFJ to find the right words to express themselves most of the time. This can cause them to doubt their own intuition in some situations, struggling to trust in something they cannot prove to others. They likely experience scepticism from others, and it puts too much pressure on them to behave a certain way. The INFJ who learns to better trust in themselves and their intuition, is likely much more confident and happy with the choices they make.

INFJ Functions

The INFJ uses their intuition as their dominant function, but this is also tied strongly to their auxiliary or secondary function. The INFJ uses extraverted feeling (Fe) as a means of understanding others and connecting with the world around them. INFJs care deeply about the people in their lives and have a prominent understanding of their emotions and needs. Being someone who so easily empathizes with others can be confusing for the INFJ at times, since they also have this intense inner world stemming from their Ni. The INFJ can be a bit of a paradox because of this, often seeming like they contradict themselves in so many ways. They care about forming their own beliefs and finding a sense of meaning, but at the same time they can see the world from so many different points of view. This powerful empathy causes the INFJ to be capable of understanding different viewpoints and different intentions, even if they don’t always agree with them.


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